Low-Cost 9V FM Transmitter

A very simple and useful circuit that require few external components and operates in FM band ( above 100 MHz ). This circuit diagram transmitter needs to be powered from a 9 volts battery or from another 9 volts regulated power supply . The tuned coil L1, has two output tappings for the antenna connection, marked "A" and "B". These are both low-level outputs and you choose which tapping you want to use ( stable low range, or more unstable but higher range).

Transmitter

Tap B (2.5%) takes just a very small portion of signal from the oscillator circuit and therefore gives a very frequency stable transmitter. The output level (around 2.5mW) and range are therefore somewhat reduced.  Tap A (10%) delivers very much more power (around 10mW) to the antenna load. This gives you a greater range, but at the expense of frequency stability.

All component leads should be kept as short as possible. The LINK wire on the PCB should lay flat on the PCB. Use the cutoff from a resistor leg. Antenna length for circuit diagram transmitter varies with frequency for optimum distance: 90MHz 80 cm, 95MHz 75cm, 100MHz 70 cm, 105 MHz 68 cm. The frequency determining elements (L1, C5 and C6) form a simple LC tuned oscillator. The inherent problem with this type of circuit diagram transmitter is that any external load (antenna) will change the operating frequency.

The inductor L1 must have around 5.5 turns of enameled 0.5 mm Cu wire , and must have a diameter ( coil diameter) around 5 mm.

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