Solid State Relays Circuit with TIL111

Solid state relays are almost everywhere these days, but they are very expensive. So, your efforts to build their own salary. Especially since it’s only a few parts and circuit simple and straightforward. Solid state relay is not really at all relays. There are no “relay” is available only with electronics, connection works. It works well as a relay, you can use low voltage higher and better. “Relay” between 115/220V AC wires in place, although it was customary, the neutral conductor and leave unchanged phases and neutral.

As long as no voltage (left in picture), the phototransistor TIL111 blocks of energy, and thus is not available. To ensure that the base TIL111 is fed to the transmitter (s) through the 1M resistor. This method prevents the base of transistor BC547B will be low and remains biased ‘on’. Collector is low and the gate (g) TIC106M thyristor, which is still in the country, “off”. 4-diode bridge rectifier circuit has no power apart from a small base and collector current BC547B, which is not enough to turn over the 330-ohm resistor TIC226M triac. Current “Load”, is very small.

Solid State Relays Circuit Diagram

With an input voltage, say 5 volts, the diode in the TIL111 lights up and activates the phototransistor. The voltage drop 1MEG ohm resistor in series with 22K resistance increases demand, which block the BC547B transistor. Collector current of the fact that the AC voltage falls below a certain value, which is VA. This ensures a sufficiently large voltage drop across the resistor 330 ohms triac switches ‘on’. The voltage on triac is currently only a few volts, so that practically the whole 115/220 AC voltage on the “Upload”.

The triac is a 100nF capacitor and impedance of 47 ohms, 100nF capacitor for the 330 ohm resistor is to protect the triac to be undesirable distortions caused by small peaks. To create the possibility of this circuit with different voltages to be switched, added BF256A FET. The FET acts as a current source from the source (s) with a gate (g). This means that this FET determines the current TIL111, regardless of the input voltage (up to a certain tolerance, of course). 1N4148 diode is to protect the circuit from reverse polarity.
(Tony: TIL111 is a so-called “optical coupling” with NPN output and can be replaced with NTE3042)

Good point line, as is the separation of AC and DC voltage, so this circuit is used in many applications, about 1.5 kW, when the triac is mounted on the large size of the cooling fins. “M” appears Triac means it’s 600volt type, “D” for 400V. So be sure to go to the M-type. NTE replacement for this circuit are 600volt types which are more than sufficient for our 110/115VAC. Even if you decide to print for this circuit is enough space between the lines AC and non AC these tracks to be close.
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