FPF270X Over Current Protection

Using the FPF270X adjustable over-current protection IC can be designed a very simple adjustable current-limiting electronic project .FPF270X provide full protection to systems and loads from excess current conditions.Minimum current limit is adjustable from 0.4A to 2.0A.The input voltage range is 2.8V to 36V. Loads can be activated or deactivated with a low-voltage logic compatible ON pin. Fault conditions can be monitored using the error flag pin and/or the power-good pin.

Over current protection using FPF270X

All devices clamp the load current so that it cannot exceed an externally programmed current level. An over temperature feature provides further device protection in case of excessive levels of power dissipation.
FPF2700 responds to an overload condition that lasts longer than a fixed blanking period by turning off the load, followed by a retry after the auto-restart time.The FPF270X has an adjustable 0.4A to 2.0A minimum current limit set through an external resistor, RSET, connected between ISET and GND.A 4.7 F to 100 F ceramic capacitor is adequate for CIN in most cases. Larger CIN values may be required in high-voltage or high-current applications.

Over current protection using FPF270X

A 0.1 F to 1 F capacitor, COUT, should be placed between the OUT and GND pins. This capacitor helps prevent parasitic board inductances from forcing the output voltage below ground when the switch turns off.
During a hard short condition on the output while operating at greater than 24V VIN, a large instantaneous inrush current is delivered to the shorted output. A capacitor must be placed at the OUTPUT pin, acting as a current source to support the instantaneous current draw (Table 2).

Over current protection using FPF270X

For more details about how to design a protection circuit using FPF270X IC please consult the manufacturer datasheet.
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